The Indian States and their Languages

India is a country with many states, each with its language. This blog post will explore the different languages spoken in India and how they are unique to each state. From Hindi to Tamil and more, read about the diversity of Indian languages.

The Various States and Their Languages

India is a country with many different states, each with its own unique culture and language. While Hindi is the most widely spoken language in India, many other languages are spoken throughout the country. Here is a list of some of the more commonly spoken languages in India, along with the states where they are most prevalent:

  • Hindi: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand
  • Bengali: West Bengal, Tripura
  • Marathi: Maharashtra, Goa
  • Tamil: Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Puducherry
  • Telugu: Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
  • Gujarati: Gujarat, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu
  • Kannada: Karnataka
  • Malayalam: Kerala
  • Oriya: Odisha
  • Punjabi: Punjab

The Most Commonly Spoken Languages in India

India is a land of many languages. Twenty-two officially recognized languages and over 1,500 dialects are spoken throughout the country. Hindi is India’s most widely spoken language, followed by Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, and Urdu.

The Indian constitution recognizes 22 official languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri (also called Meitei Mayek), Marathi, Nepali Oriya, Punjabi Santali Sanskrit Tamil Telugu, and Urdu. These languages are further divided into numerous dialects and sub-dialects.

Hindi is India’s most widely spoken language, with 41% of the population saying it as their first language. Bengali is India’s second most common language, with around 9%. Other popular languages include Telugu (8%), Marathi (7%), Tamil (5%), Urdu (4%), and Gujarati (4%).

The Importance of Learning Multiple Languages

The Indian States And Their Languages

Languages are the bedrock of any culture and society. They are how people communicate their thoughts, ideas, and feelings. Language is not only a mode of communication but also a tool for learning about other cultures and for developing one’s own identity.

Multilingualism is an essential asset in today’s globalized world. It opens up opportunities for employment, travel, and cultural enrichment. Learning multiple languages also helps cognitive development and enhances one’s creative ability.

In India, there are 22 officially recognized languages. Each state has its official language or languages used in government and education. However, due to the vast size of the country and its diverse population, many more languages are spoken throughout India.

Hindi is India’s most widely spoken language, with over 41% of the population saying it as their first language. Other widely spoken languages include Bengali (8%), Telugu (7%), Marathi (6%), Tamil (5%), Urdu (5%), Gujarati (4%), Kannada (3%), Malayalam (3%), Oriya (2%), Punjabi (2%), Assamese (1%), Kashmiri (1%) and Sindhi (1%). In addition, there are many tribal languages spoken by small populations in various parts of the country.

Given the linguistic diversity of India, it is not surprising that multilingualism is widespread.

Conclusion

There are 29 states in India, each with its official language. Hindi is the most widely spoken language in India, but many other languages are spoken throughout the country. In conclusion, if you want to learn more about the Indian states and their languages, this article is a great starting point.

Official Languages by States

State

Official Languages

Second Language

Andhra Pradesh

Telugu

Hindi

Arunachal Pradesh

English

Hindi

Assam

Assamese

Bengali, Bodo

Bihar

Hindi

Urdu

Chhattisgarh

Hindi

Chhattisgarhi

Goa

Konkani, English

Marathi

Gujarat

Gujarati

Hindi

Haryana

Hindi

English, Punjabi

Himachal Pradesh

Hindi

Sanskrit

Jharkhand

Hindi

Angika, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Ho, Kharia, Khortha, Kurmali, Kurukh, Magahi, Maithili, Mundari, Nagpuri, Odia, Santali and Urdu

Karnataka

Kannada

English

Kerala

Malayalam

English

Madhya Pradesh

Hindi

Marathi

Maharashtra

Marathi

Hindi

Manipur

Manipuri

English

Meghalaya

English

Khasi and Garo

Mizoram

Mizo

English, Hindi

Nagaland

English

Nagamese

Odisha

Odia

English

Punjab

Punjabi

-

Rajasthan

Hindi

-

Sikkim

English, Nepali, Sikkimese, Lepcha

Gurung, Limbu, Magar, Mukhia, Newari, Rai, Sherpa and Tamang

Tamil Nadu

Tamil

English

Telangana

Telugu

Urdu

Tripura

Bengali, English, Kokborok

-

Uttar Pradesh

Hindi

Urdu

Uttarakhand

Hindi

Sanskrit

West Bengal

Bengali, English

Nepali, Urdu, Hindi, Odia, Santali, Punajbi, Kamtapuri, Rajbanshi, Kurmali, Kurukh and Telugu

Official Languages by Union Territories

Union Territories

Official Languages

Spoken Language

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Hindi, English

Bengali, Tamil, Telugu, Hindi, Nicobarese, Malayalam, Sadri, Kurukh, Munda, Kharia

Chandigarh

English

-

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu

Gujarati, Konkani, Marathi, Hindi

-

Delhi

Hindi, English

Urdu and Punjabi

Lakshadweep

Malayalam

English

Jammu and Kashmir

Kashmiri, Dogri, Hindi, Urdu, English

Ladakh

Hindi, English

Puducherry

Tamil, French, English

Telugu and Malayalam

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